Two months after NASA astronauts Bob Behnken and Doug Hurley made history by launching into space from U.S. soil for the first time in nearly a decade, the duo is slated to return to Earth on Sunday afternoon.
Behnken and Hurley, whose flight was the first to take place in a commercially built spacecraft, departed the International Space Station on Saturday evening and are scheduled to splash down off the Florida coast Sunday.
With all eyes on Tropical Storm Isaias, which was bearing down on Florida’s east coast, NASA on Saturday declared “conditions are ‘Go'” for Sunday’s return. Isaias was downgraded from a hurricane Saturday but was expected to re-strengthen overnight.
Splashdown was still scheduled to take place Sunday afternoon at approximately 2:48 ET off the coast of Pensacola, on the Gulf of Mexico, with an alternate site of Panama City, also on the gulf, at the ready, NASA said in a statement Saturday.
“Teams will continue to closely monitor Hurricane Isaias and evaluate impacts to the potential splashdown sites,” NASA said.
So far, NASA is proceeding with their landing preparations, but Behnken said that he and Hurley have been working with flight directors on the ground and following the weather forecasts.
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“We’re watching those closely, mostly to maintain awareness and see the trends and understand what the timeline would be if our recovery out of the water, for example, was delayed a little bit,” Behnken said Friday from the orbiting outpost.
He added that there is adequate food and other resources aboard the space station if the two need to extend their stay.
“We won’t leave the space station without some good landing opportunities in front of us — good splashdown weather in front of us,” he said.
If the departure goes ahead as planned, Behnken and Hurley are scheduled to board their spacecraft, SpaceX’s Crew Dragon capsule, and undock from the space station Saturday at around 7:34 p.m. EDT. The astronauts will then spend hours orbiting the Earth before splashing down off the Florida coast on Sunday.
If successful, the return will be a major milestone for human spaceflight, marking the first time that NASA astronauts have traveled to and from space aboard a commercially built spacecraft. Completion of the test flight will also be a big accomplishment for SpaceX and the entire commercial spaceflight industry.
Prior to Behnken and Hurley’s launch May 30, NASA had been unable to launch astronauts into orbit from American soil since the agency’s space shuttle fleet was retired in 2011. A successful Crew Dragon mission would usher in a new era of commercial spaceflight, with private companies such as SpaceX and Boeing taking over routine trips to the space station while NASA pursues other lofty science and exploration goals.
Preparations are proceeding as planned, but if the weekend departure is called off due to the weather, NASA and SpaceX will reschedule the undocking attempt to Monday, Steve Stich, manager of NASA’s Commercial Crew Program, said Thursday in a news briefing.
NASA and SpaceX had selected seven potential splashdown sites, all located off the Florida coast, in the Gulf of Mexico and the Atlantic Ocean. These locations include zones off Pensacola, Tampa, Tallahassee, Panama City, Cape Canaveral, Daytona and Jacksonville.
The Crew Dragon capsule has two sets of parachutes that slow the spacecraft down as it travels through the Earth’s atmosphere. The first chutes will deploy when the capsule is at an altitude of around 18,000 feet and traveling about 350 miles per hour. Four main parachutes will then be released at an altitude of 6,000 feet, when the capsule is moving at around 119 miles per hour, according to SpaceX.
After the spacecraft splashes down, a recovery ship with more than 40 NASA and SpaceX personnel onboard will rendezvous with the capsule and hoist it out of the water and onto the ship’s main deck. The astronauts will then undergo medical checks before boarding a NASA plane back to Houston.
NASA has already announced the astronauts selected for the next Crew Dragon launch to the space station, but the capsule will first need to complete NASA’s certification process. After Behnken and Hurley return to Earth, their spacecraft will undergo a series of inspections in Florida to assess how the vehicle performed throughout its flight.
If certified, the next Crew Dragon capsule will launch NASA astronauts Michael Hopkins, Victor Glover and Shannon Walker, and Japanese astronaut Soichi Noguchi, to the space station in late September. The four-person crew will subsequently spend six months living and working aboard the orbiting outpost.
Dennis Romero and Kalhan Rosenblatt