Steve September 24, 2020

Julian Assange is not on trial simply for his liberty and his life. He is fighting
for the right of every journalist to do hard-hitting investigative journalism
without fear of arrest and extradition to the United States. Assange faces 175
years in a US super-max prison on the basis of claims by Tweety McTreason’s
administration that his exposure of US war crimes in Iraq and Afghanistan amounts
to “espionage”.

The charges against Assange rewrite the meaning of “espionage” in unmistakably
dangerous ways. Publishing evidence of state crimes, as Assange’s WikiLeaks
organisation has done, is covered by both free speech and public interest defences.
Publishing evidence furnished by whistleblowers is at the heart of any journalism
that aspires to hold power to account and in check. Whistleblowers typically
emerge in reaction to parts of the executive turning rogue, when the state itself
starts breaking its own laws. That is why journalism is protected in the US
by the First Amendment. Jettison that and one can no longer claim to live in
a free society.

Aware that journalists might understand this threat and rally in solidarity
with Assange, US officials initially pretended that they were not seeking to
prosecute the WikiLeaks founder for journalism – in fact, they denied he was
a journalist. That was why they preferred to charge him under the arcane, highly
repressive Espionage Act of 1917. The goal was to isolate Assange and persuade
other journalists that they would not share his fate.

Assange explained this US strategy way back in 2011, in a fascinating interview
he gave to Australian journalist Mark Davis. (The relevant section occurs from
minute 24 to 43.) This was when the Obama administration first began seeking
a way to distinguish Assange from liberal media organisations, such as the New
York Times and Guardian that had been working with him, so that only he would
be charged with espionage.

Assange warned then that the New York Times and its editor Bill Keller had
already set a terrible precedent on legitimising the administration’s
redefinition of espionage by assuring the Justice Department – falsely, as it
happens – that they had been simply passive recipients of WikiLeaks’ documents.
Assange noted (40.00 mins):

If I am a conspirator to commit espionage, then all these other media organisations
and the principal journalists in them are also conspirators to commit espionage.
What needs to be done is to have a united face in this.

During the course of the current extradition hearings, US officials have found
it much harder to make plausible this distinction principle than they may have

Journalism is an activity, and anyone who regularly engages in that activity
qualifies as a journalist. It is not the same as being a doctor or a lawyer,
where you need a specific professional qualification to practice. You are a
journalist if you do journalism – and you are an investigative journalist if,
like Assange, you publish information the powerful want concealed. Which is
why in the current extradition hearings at the Old Bailey in London, the arguments
made by lawyers for the US that Assange is not a journalist but rather someone
engaged in espionage are coming unstuck.

Corporate journalists have barely bothered to cover Assange’s
trial. But while they doze, the US has changed its argument, as ex-ambassador
Craig Murray reports. Now the US is threatening to lock up other journalists
for espionage if they expose its crimes

— Jonathan Cook (@Jonathan_K_Cook) September
16, 2020

My dictionary defines “espionage” as “the practice of spying or of using spies,
typically by governments to obtain political and military information”. A spy
is defined as someone who “secretly obtains information on an enemy or competitor”.

Very obviously the work of WikiLeaks, a transparency organisation, is not secret.
By publishing the Afghan and Iraq war diaries, WikiLeaks exposed crimes the
United States wished to keep secret.

Assange did not help a rival state to gain an advantage, he helped all of us
become better informed about the crimes our own states commit in our names.
He is on trial not because he traded in secrets, but because he blew up the
business of secrets – the very kind of secrets that have enabled the west to
pursue permanent, resource-grabbing wars and are pushing our species to the
verge of extinction.

In other words, Assange was doing exactly what journalists claim to do every
day in a democracy: monitor power for the public good. Which is why ultimately
the Obama administration abandoned the idea of issuing an indictment against
Assange. There was simply no way to charge him without also putting journalists
at the New York Times, the Washington Post and the Guardian on trial too. And
doing that would have made explicit that the press is not free but works on
licence from those in power.

Media indifference

For that reason alone, one might have imagined that the entire media – from
rightwing to liberal-left outlets – would be up in arms about Assange’s current
predicament. After all, the practice of journalism as we have known it for at
least 100 years is at stake.

But in fact, as Assange feared nine years ago, the media have chosen not to
adopt a “united face” – or at least, not a united face with WikiLeaks.
They have remained all but silent. They have ignored – apart from occasionally
to ridicule – Assange’s terrifying ordeal, even though he has been locked
up for many months in Belmarsh high-security prison awaiting efforts to extradite
him as a spy. Assange’s very visible and prolonged physical and mental abuse
– both in Belmarsh and, before that, in the Ecuadorian embassy, where he was
given political asylum – have already served part of their purpose: to deter
young journalists from contemplating following in his footsteps.

Even more astounding is the fact that the media have taken no more than a cursory
interest in the events of the extradition hearing itself. What reporting there
has been has given no sense of the gravity of the proceedings or the threat
they pose to the public’s right to know what crimes are being committed in their
name. Instead, serious, detailed coverage has been restricted to a handful of
independent outlets and bloggers.

Most troubling of all, the media have not reported the fact that during the
hearing lawyers for the US have abandoned the implausible premise of their main
argument that Assange’s work did not constitute journalism. Now they appear
to accept that Assange did indeed do journalism, and that other journalists
could suffer his fate. What was once implicit has become explicit, as Assange
warned: any journalist who exposes serious state crimes now risks the threat
of being locked away for the rest of their lives under the draconian Espionage

The BBC’s Kuenssberg and ITV’s Peston haven’t
mentioned Assange for years, even as his extradition hearing – our generation’s
Dreyfus Trial – is under way.

It should be proof, if more were needed, that these people aren’t journalists,
they are courtiers of the British state

— Jonathan Cook (@Jonathan_K_Cook) September
8, 2020

This glaring indifference to the case and its outcome is extremely revealing
about what we usually refer to as the “mainstream” media. In truth, there is
nothing mainstream or popular about this kind of media. It is in reality a media
elite, a corporate media, owned by and answerable to billionaire owners – or
in the case of the BBC, ultimately to the state – whose interests it really

The corporate media’s indifference to Assange’s trial hints at
the fact that it is actually doing very little of the sort of journalism that
threatens corporate and state interests and that challenges real power. It won’t
suffer Assange’s fate because, as we shall see, it doesn’t attempt
to do the kind of journalism Assange and his WikiLeaks organisation specialise

The indifference suggests rather starkly that the primary role of the corporate
media – aside from its roles in selling us advertising and keeping us pacified
through entertainment and consumerism – is to serve as an arena in which rival
centres of power within the establishment fight for their narrow interests,
settling scores with each other, reinforcing narratives that benefit them, and
spreading disinformation against their competitors. On this battlefield, the
public are mostly spectators, with our interests only marginally affected by
the outcome.

A journalist due to testify at Julian Assange’s extradition
hearing makes a very pertinent point. This is the biggest attack on press
freedom in our lifetimes. Why are UK editors not demanding to be heard at
the Old Bailey? Where are they? Where is the Guardian?

— Jonathan Cook (@Jonathan_K_Cook) September
8, 2020

Gauntlet thrown down

The corporate media in the US and UK is no more diverse and pluralistic than
the major corporate-funded political parties they identify with. This kind of
media mirrors the same flaws as the Republican and Democratic parties in the
US: they cheerlead consumption-based, globalised capitalism; they favour a policy
of unsustainable, infinite growth on a finite planet; and they invariably support
colonial, profit-driven, resource-grabbing wars, nowadays often dressed up as
humanitarian intervention. The corporate media and the corporate political parties
serve the interests of the same power establishment because they are equally
embedded in that establishment.

(In this context, it was revealing that when Assange’s lawyers argued
earlier this year that he could not be extradited to the US because extradition
for political work is barred under its treaty with the UK, the US insisted that
Assange be denied this defence. They argued
that “political” referred narrowly to “party political”
– that is, politics that served the interests of a recognised party.)

From the outset, the work of Assange and WikiLeaks threatened to disrupt the
cosy relationship between the media elite and the political elite. Assange threw
down a gauntlet to journalists, especially those in the liberal parts of the
media, who present themselves as fearless muckrakers and watchdogs on power.

Unlike the corporate media, WikiLeaks doesn’t depend on access to those
in power for its revelations, or on the subsidies of billionaires, or on income
from corporate advertisers. WikiLeaks receives secret documents direct from
whistleblowers, giving the public an unvarnished, unmediated perspective on
what the powerful are doing – and what they want us to think they are doing.

WikiLeaks has allowed us to see raw, naked power before it puts on a suit and
tie, slicks back its hair and conceals the knife.

But as much as this has been an empowering development for the general public,
it is at best a very mixed blessing for the corporate media.

Today’s column is a salute to Julian Assange, selflessly
raising the bar on nightmare houseguest stories

— Hadley Freeman (@HadleyFreeman) April
20, 2019

In early 2010, the fledgling WikiLeaks organisation received its first tranche
of documents from US army whistleblower Chelsea Manning: hundreds of thousands
of classified files exposing US crimes in Iraq and Afghanistan. Assange and
“liberal” elements of the corporate media were briefly and uncomfortably
thrown into each others’ arms.

On the one hand, Assange needed the manpower and expertise provided by big-hitting
newspapers like the New York Times, the Guardian and Der Spiegel to help WikiLeaks
sift through vast trove to find important, hidden disclosures. He also needed
the mass audiences those papers could secure for the revelations, as well as
those outlets’ ability to set the news agenda in other media.

Liberal media, on the other hand, needed to court Assange and WikiLeaks to
avoid being left behind in the media war for big, Pulitzer Prize-winning stories,
for audience share and for revenues. Each worried that, were it not to do a
deal with WikiLeaks, a rival would publish those world-shattering exclusives
instead and erode its market share.

Gatekeeper role under threat

For a brief while, this mutual dependency just about worked. But only for a
short time. In truth, the liberal corporate media is far from committed to a
model of unmediated, whole-truth journalism. The WikiLeaks model undermined
the corporate media’s relationship to the power establishment and threatened
its access. It introduced a tension and division between the functions of the
political elite and the media elite.

Those intimate and self-serving ties are illustrated in the most famous example
of corporate media working with a “whistleblower”: the use of a
source, known as Deep Throat, who exposed the crimes of President Richard Nixon
to Washington Post reporters Woodward and Bernstein back in the early 1970s,
in what became known as Watergate. That source, it emerged much later, was actually
the associate director of the FBI, Mark Felt.

Far from being driven to bring down Nixon out of principle, Felt wished to
settle a score with the administration after he was passed over for promotion.
Later, and quite separately, Felt was convicted of authorising his own Watergate-style
crimes on behalf of the FBI. In the period before it was known that Felt had
been Deep Throat, President Ronald Reagan pardoned
him for those crimes. It is perhaps not surprising that this less than glorious
context is never mentioned in the self-congratulatory coverage of Watergate
by the corporate media.

But worse than the potential rupture between the media elite and the political
elite, the WikiLeaks model implied an imminent redundancy for the corporate
media. In publishing WikiLeaks’ revelations, the corporate media feared it was
being reduced to the role of a platform – one that could be discarded later
– for the publication of truths sourced elsewhere.

The undeclared role of the corporate media, dependent on corporate owners and
corporate advertising, is to serve as gatekeeper, deciding which truths should
be revealed in the “public interest”, and which whistleblowers will be allowed
to disseminate which secrets in their possession. The WikiLeaks model threatened
to expose that gatekeeping role, and make clearer that the criterion used by
corporate media for publication was less “public interest” than “corporate interest”.

In other words, from the start the relationship between Assange and “liberal”
elements of the corporate media was fraught with instability and antagonism.

The corporate media had two possible responses to the promised WikiLeaks revolution.

One was to get behind it. But that was not straightforward. As we have noted,
WikiLeaks’ goal of transparency was fundamentally at odds both with the corporate
media’s need for access to members of the power elite and with its embedded
role, representing one side in the “competition” between rival power

I bet Assange is stuffing himself full of flattened guinea
pigs. He really is the most massive turd.

— suzanne moore (@suzanne_moore) June
19, 2012

The corporate media’s other possible response was to get behind the political
elite’s efforts to destroy WikiLeaks. Once WikiLeaks and Assange were disabled,
there could be a return to media business as usual. Outlets would once again
chase tidbits of information from the corridors of power, getting “exclusives”
from the power centres they were allied with.

Put in simple terms, Fox News would continue to get self-serving exclusives
against the Democratic party, and MSNBC would get self-serving exclusives against
Trump and the Republican Party. That way, everyone would get a slice of editorial
action and advertising revenue – and nothing significant would change. The power
elite in its two flavours, Democrat and Republican, would continue to run the
show unchallenged, switching chairs occasionally as elections required.

From dependency to hostility

Typifying the media’s fraught, early relationship with Assange and WikiLeaks
– sliding rapidly from initial dependency to outright hostility – was the Guardian.
It was a major beneficiary of the Afghan and Iraq war diaries, but very quickly
turned its guns on Assange. (Notably, the Guardian would also lead the attack
in the UK on the former leader of the Labour party, Jeremy Corbyn, who was seen
as threatening a “populist” political insurgency in parallel to
Assange’s “populist” media insurgency.)

Assange possibly even the biggest arsehole in Knightsbridge.
And what a field that is

— Marina Hyde (@MarinaHyde) May
19, 2017

Despite being widely viewed as a bastion of liberal-left journalism, the Guardian
has been actively complicit in rationalising Assange’s confinement and
abuse over the past decade and in trivialising the threat posed to him and the
future of real journalism by Washington’s long-term efforts to permanently
lock him away.

There is not enough space on this page to highlight all the appalling examples
of the Guardian’s ridiculing of Assange (a few illustrative tweets scattered
through this post will have to suffice) and disparaging of renowned experts
in international law who have tried to focus attention on his arbitrary
and torture.
But the compilation of headlines in the tweet below conveys an impression of
the antipathy the Guardian has long harboured for Assange, most of it – such
as James Ball’s article
– now exposed as journalistic malpractice.

The Guardian: Fake news and hostility toward Assange
in 44 headlines. #DumpTheGuardian

— ? (@fivefilters) April
19, 2019

The Guardian’s failings have extended too to the current extradition
hearings, which have stripped away years of media noise and character assassination
to make plain why Assange has been deprived of his liberty for the past 10 years:
because the US wants revenge on him for publishing evidence of its crimes and
seeks to deter others from following in his footsteps.

In its pages, the Guardian has barely bothered to cover the case, running superficial,
repackaged agency copy. This week it belatedly ran a solitary opinion piece
from Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva, Brazil’s former leftwing president, to
mark the fact that many dozens of former world leaders have called on the UK
to halt the extradition proceedings. They appear to appreciate the gravity of
the case much more clearly than the Guardian and most other corporate media

167 politicians, including past & present heads of
state, back our appeal to UK government to bring an end to Julian Assange’s
extradition proceedings & grant him his long overdue freedom:

We @Lawyers4Assange
say the politico-legal show must not go on.

— Lawyers for Assange (@Lawyers4Assange) September
20, 2020

But among the Guardian’s own columnists, even its supposedly leftwing
ones like Gorge Monbiot and Owen Jones, there has been blanket silence about
the hearings. In familiar style, the only in-house commentary on the case so
far is yet another snide hit-piece
– this one in the fashion section written by Hadley Freeman. It simply ignores
the terrifying developments for journalism taking place at the Old Bailey, close
by the Guardian’s offices. Instead Freeman mocks the credible fears of
Assange’s partner, Stella Moris, that, if Assange is extradited, his two
young children may not be allowed contact with their father again.

Freeman’s goal, as has been typical of the Guardian’s modus operandi,
is not to raise an issue of substance about what is happening to Assange but
to score hollow points in a distracting culture war the paper has become so
well-versed in monetising. In her piece, entitled “Ask Hadley: ‘Politicising’
and ‘weaponising’ are becoming rather convenient arguments”,
Freeman exploits Assange and Moris’s suffering to advance her own convenient
argument that the word “politicised” is much misused – especially,
it seems, when criticising the Guardian for its treatment of Assange and Corbyn.

The paper could not make it any plainer. It dismisses the idea that it is a
“political” act for the most militarised state on the planet to
put on trial a journalist for publishing evidence of its systematic war crimes,
with the aim of locking him up permanently.

Shameful but not surprising. This is the sum total of
the @guardian‘s
“coverage” during Julian Assange’s extradition hearing. Including
a hit piece. #DumpTheGuardian

— Bean?? (@SomersetBean) September
16, 2020

Password divulged

The Guardian may be largely ignoring the hearings, but the Old Bailey is far
from ignoring the Guardian. The paper’s name has been cited over and over
again in court by lawyers for the US. They have regularly quoted from a 2011
on Assange
by two Guardian reporters, David Leigh and Luke Harding, to bolster
the Trump administration’s increasingly frantic arguments for extraditing

When Leigh worked with Assange, back in 2010, he was the Guardian’s investigations
editor and, it should be noted, the brother-in-law of the then-editor, Alan
Rusbridger. Harding, meanwhile, is a long-time reporter whose main talent appears
to be churning out Guardian books at high speed that closely track the main
concerns of the UK and US security services. In the interests of full disclosure,
I should note that I had underwhelming experiences dealing with both of them
during my years working at the Guardian.

Normally a newspaper would not hesitate to put on its front page reports of
the most momentous trial of recent times, and especially one on which the future
of journalism depends. That imperative would be all the stronger were its own
reporters’ testimony likely to be critical in determining the outcome
of the trial. For the Guardian, detailed and prominent reporting of, and commentary
on, the Assange extradition hearings should be a double priority.

So how to explain the Guardian’s silence?

The book by Leigh and Harding, WikiLeaks: Inside Julian Assange’s War on
made a lot of money for the Guardian and its authors by hurriedly
cashing in on the early notoriety around Assange and WikiLeaks. But the problem
today is that the Guardian has precisely no interest in drawing attention to
the book outside the confines of a repressive courtroom. Indeed, were the book
to be subjected to any serious scrutiny, it might now look like an embarrassing,
journalistic fraud.

The two authors used the book not only to vent their personal animosity towards
Assange – in part because he refused to let them write his official biography
– but also to divulge
a complex password
entrusted to Leigh by Assange that provided access to
an online cache of encrypted documents. That egregious mistake by the Guardian
opened the door for every security service in the world to break into the file,
as well as other files once they could crack Assange’s sophisticated formula
for devising passwords.

Much of the furore about Assange’s supposed failure to protect names
in the leaked documents published by Assange – now at the heart of the extradition
case – stems from Leigh’s much-obscured role in sabotaging WikiLeaks’
work. Assange was forced into a damage limitation operation because of Leigh’s
incompetence, forcing him to hurriedly publish files so that anyone worried
they had been named in the documents could know before hostile security services
identified them.

The Guardian has sought for nearly a decade to obscure
David Leigh’s deeply irresponsible antics in publishing that critically
important WikiLeaks password.

It’s another reason why the Guardian has barely covered the Assange hearings.
It goes way beyond ‘conflict of interest’

— Jonathan Cook (@Jonathan_K_Cook) September
22, 2020

This week at the Assange hearings, Professor Christian Grothoff, a computer
expert at Bern University, noted that Leigh had recounted in his 2011 book how
he pressured a reluctant Assange into giving him the password. In his testimony,
Grothoff referred
to Leigh as a “bad faith actor”.

‘Not a reliable source’

Nearly a decade ago Leigh and Harding could not have imagined what would be
at stake all these years later – for Assange and for other journalists – because
of an accusation in their book that the WikiLeaks founder recklessly failed
to redact names before publishing the Afghan and Iraq war diaries.

The basis of the accusation rests on Leigh’s highly contentious recollection
of a discussion with three other journalists and Assange at a restaurant near
the Guardian’s former offices in July 2010, shortly before publication
of the Afghan revelations.

According to Leigh, during a conversation about the risks of publication to
those who had worked with the US, Assange said: “They’re informants, they deserve
to die.” Lawyers for the US have repeatedly cited this line as proof that Assange
was indifferent to the fate of those identified in the documents and so did
not expend care in redacting names. (Let us note, as an aside, that the US has
failed to show that anyone was actually put in harm’s way from publication,
and in the Manning trial a US official admitted
that no one had been harmed.)

The problem is that Leigh’s recollection of the dinner has not been confirmed
by anyone else, and is hotly disputed by another participant, John Goetz of
Der Spiegel. He has sworn an affidavit saying Leigh is wrong. He gave testimony
at the Old Bailey for the defence last week. Extraordinarily the judge, Vanessa
Baraitser, refused to allow him to contest Leigh’s claim, even though
lawyers for the US have repeatedly cited that claim.

Statement from journalist John Goetz of Der Spiegel attesting
that Assange never made the “they deserve it” comment he was accused
of saying by The Guardian’s David Leigh. Goetz was at the dinner Assange
is alleged to have said it.

— Caitlin Johnstone ? (@caitoz) September
8, 2020

Further, Goetz, as well as Nicky Hager, an investigative journalist from New
Zealand, and Professor John Sloboda, of Iraq Body Count, all of whom worked
with WikiLeaks to redact names at different times, have testified that Assange
was meticulous about the redaction process. Goetz admitted
that he had been personally exasperated by the delays imposed by Assange to
carry out redactions:

At that time, I remember being very, very irritated by the constant, unending
reminders by Assange that we needed to be secure, that we needed to encrypt
things, that we needed to use encrypted chats. … The amount of precautions
around the safety of the material were enormous. I thought it was paranoid
and crazy but it later became standard journalistic practice.

Prof Sloboda noted that, as Goetz had implied in his testimony, the pressure
to cut corners on redaction came not from Assange but from WikiLeaks’
“media partners”, who were desperate to get on with publication.
One of the most prominent of those partners, of course, was the Guardian. According
to the account
of proceedings at the Old Bailey by former UK ambassador Craig Murray:

Goetz [of Der Spiegel] recalled an email from David Leigh of The Guardian
stating that publication of some stories was delayed because of the amount
of time WikiLeaks were devoting to the redaction process to get rid of the
“bad stuff.”

When confronted by US counsel with Leigh’s claim in the book about the
restaurant conversation, Hager observed
witheringly: “I would not regard that [Leigh and Harding’s book]
as a reliable source.” Under oath, he ascribed Leigh’s account of
the events of that time to “animosity”.

Scoop exposed as fabrication

Harding is hardly a dispassionate observer either. His most recent “scoop”
on Assange, published in the Guardian two years ago, has been exposed as an
entirely fabricated smear. It claimed that Assange secretly met a Trump aide,
Paul Manafort, and unnamed “Russians” while he was confined to the
Ecuadorian embassy in 2016.

Harding’s transparent aim in making this false claim was to revive a
so-called “Russiagate” smear suggesting that, in the run-up to the
2016 US presidential election, Assange conspired with the Trump camp and Russian
president Vladimir Putin to help get Trump elected. These allegations proved
pivotal in alienating Democrats who might otherwise have rallied to Assange’s
side, and have helped forge bipartisan support for Trump’s current efforts
to extradite Assange and jail him.

The now forgotten context for these claims was WikiLeaks’ publication
shortly before the election of a stash of internal Democratic party emails.
They exposed corruption, including efforts by Democratic officials to sabotage
the party’s primaries to undermine Bernie Sanders, Hillary Clinton’s rival
for the party’s presidential nomination.

Those closest to the release of the emails have maintained that they were leaked
by a Democratic party insider. But the Democratic leadership had a pressing
need to deflect attention from what the emails revealed. Instead they actively
sought to warm up a Cold War-style narrative that the emails had been hacked
by Russia to foil the US democratic process and get Trump into power.

No evidence was ever produced for this allegation. Harding, however, was one
of the leading proponents of the Russiagate narrative, producing another of
his famously fast turnaround books on the subject, Collusion. The complete absence
of any supporting evidence for Harding’s claims was exposed in dramatic
fashion when he was questioned by journalist Aaron Mate.

Harding’s 2018
about Manafort was meant to add another layer of confusing mischief
to an already tawdry smear campaign. But problematically for Harding, the Ecuadorian
embassy at the time of Manafort’s supposed visit was probably the most
heavily surveilled building in London. The CIA, as we would later learn, had
even illegally
cameras inside Assange’s quarters to spy on him. There was
no way that Manafort and various “Russians” could have visited Assange
without leaving a trail of video evidence. And yet none exists. Rather than
retract the story, the Guardian has gone
to ground
, simply refusing to engage with critics.

Most likely, either Harding or a source were fed the story by a security service
in a further bid to damage Assange. Harding made not even the most cursory checks
to ensure that his “exclusive” was true.

Unwilling to speak in court

Despite both Leigh and Harding’s dismal track record in their dealings
with Assange, one might imagine that at this critical point – as Assange faces
extradition and jail for doing journalism – the pair would want to have their
voices heard directly in court rather than allow lawyers to speak for them or
allow other journalists to suggest unchallenged that they are “unreliable”
or “bad faith” actors.

Leigh could testify at the Old Bailey that he stands by his claims that Assange
was indifferent to the dangers posed to informants; or he could concede that
his recollection of events may have been mistaken; or clarify that, whatever
Assange said at the infamous dinner, he did in fact work scrupulously to redact
names – as other witnesses have testified.

Given the grave stakes, for Assange and for journalism, that would be the only
honourable thing for Leigh to do: to give his testimony and submit to cross-examination.
Instead he shelters behind the US counsel’s interpretation of his words
and Judge Baraitser’s refusal to allow anyone else to challenge it, as
though Leigh brought his claim down from the mountain top.

The Guardian too, given it central role in the Assange saga, might have been
expected to insist on appearing in court, or at the very least to be publishing
editorials furiously defending Assange from the concerted legal assault on his
rights and journalism’s future. The Guardian’s “star”
leftwing columnists, figures like George Monbiot and Owen Jones, might similarly
be expected to be rallying readers’ concerns, both in the paper’s
pages and on their own social media accounts. Instead they have barely raised
their voices above a whisper, as though fearful for their jobs.

These failings are not about the behaviour of any single journalist. They reflect
a culture at the Guardian, and by extension in the wider corporate media, that
abhors the kind of journalism Assange promoted: a journalism that is open, genuinely
truth-seeking, non-aligned and collaborative rather than competitive. The Guardian
wants journalism as a closed club, one where journalists are once again treated
as high priests by their flock of readers, who know only what the corporate
media is willing to disclose to them.

Assange understood the problem back in 2011, as he explained in his interview
with Mark Davis (38.00mins):

There is a point I want to make about perceived moral institutions, such
as the Guardian and New York Times. The Guardian has good people in it. It also
has a coterie of people at the top who have other interests. … What drives
a paper like the Guardian or New York Times is not their inner moral values.
It is simply that they have a market. In the UK, there is a market called “educated
liberals”. Educated liberals want to buy a newspaper like the Guardian
and therefore an institution arises to fulfil that market. … What is in
the newspaper is not a reflection of the values of the people in that institution,
it is a reflection of the market demand.

That market demand, in turn, is shaped not by moral values but by economic
forces – forces that need a media elite, just as they do a political elite,
to shore up an ideological worldview that keeps those elites in power. Assange
threatened to bring that whole edifice crashing down. That is why the institutions
of the Guardian and the New York Times will shed no more tears than Tweety McTreason
and Joe Biden if Assange ends up spending the rest of his life behind bars.

Jonathan Cook won the Martha Gellhorn Special Prize for Journalism. His
latest books are
Israel and the Clash of Civilizations: Iraq, Iran and the
Plan to Remake the Middle East (Pluto Press) and Disappearing Palestine:
Israel’s Experiments in Human Despair (Zed Books). His website is

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