Steve August 4, 2020

Tensions between the United States and China are rising as the U.S. election
nears, with tit-for-tat consulate closures, new US sanctions and no less than
US aircraft carrier strike groups prowling the seas around China. But it is
the United States that has initiated each new escalation in U.S.-China relations.
China’s responses have been careful and proportionate, with Chinese officials
such as Foreign Minister
Wang Yi
publicly asking the US to step back from its brinkmanship to find
common ground for diplomacy.

Most of the US complaints about China are long-standing, from the treatment
of the Uighur minority and disputes
over islands and maritime borders in the South China Sea to accusations of unfair
and support
protests in Hong Kong. But the answer to the “Why now?” question
seems obvious: the approaching US election.

Danny Russel,
who was Obama’s top East Asia expert in the National Security Council and then
at the State Department, told the BBC that the new tensions with China are partly
an effort to divert attention from Trump’s bungled response to the Covid-19
pandemic and his tanking poll numbers, and that this “has a wag the dog
feel to it.”

Meanwhile, Democratic Presidential candidate Joe Biden has been going toe-to-toe
with Trump and Secretary
in a potentially dangerous “tough
on China”
contest, which could prove difficult for the winner to
walk back after the election.

Elections aside, there are two underlying forces at play in the current escalation
of tensions, one economic and the other military. China’s economic miracle has
lifted hundreds of millions of its people out of poverty, and, until recently,
Western corporations were glad to make the most of its huge pool of cheap labor,
workplace and environmental protections, and growing consumer market. Western
leaders welcomed China into their
of wealthy, powerful countries with little fuss about human and
civil rights or China’s domestic politics.

So what has changed? U.S. high-tech companies like Apple, which were once only
too glad to outsource American jobs and train Chinese
and engineers to manufacture their products, are finally confronting
the reality that they have not just outsourced jobs, but also skills and technology.
and highly skilled workers are now leading some of the world’s
latest technological advances.

The global rollout of 5G cellular technology has become a flashpoint, not because
the increase and higher frequency of EMF radiation it involves may be dangerous
to human health, which is a real
, but because Chinese firms like Huawei and ZTE have developed
and patented much of the critical
involved, leaving Silicon Valley in the unfamiliar position
of having to play catch-up.

Also, if the U.S.’s 5G infrastructure is built by Huawei and ZTE instead of
AT&T and Verizon, the US government will no longer be able to require “back
doors” that the NSA can use to spy on us all, so it is instead stoking
that China could insert its own back doors in Chinese equipment to
spy on us instead. Left out of the discussion is the real solution: repeal the
Patriot Act and make sure that all the technology we use in our daily lives
is secure from the prying eyes of both the US and foreign governments.

China is investing in infrastructure all over the world. As of March 2020,
a staggering 138
have joined China’s Belt and Road Initiative (BRI), a massive
plan to connect Asia with Africa and Europe via land and maritime networks.
China’s international influence will only be enhanced by its success, and the
US’s failure, in tackling the Covid-19 pandemic.

On the military front, the Obama and Trump administrations have both tried
to “pivot
to Asia
” to confront China, even as the US military remains bogged
down in the Middle East. With a war-weary public demanding an end to the endless
wars that have served to justify record military spending for nearly 20 years,
the US military-industrial complex has to find more substantial enemies to justify
its continued existence and budget-busting costs. Lockheed Martin is not ready
to switch from building billion-dollar warplanes on cost-plus
contracts to making wind turbines and solar panels.

The only targets the US can find to justify a $740-billion military budget
and 800 overseas military bases are its familiar old Cold War enemies: Russia
and China. They both expanded their modest military budgets after 2011, when
the US and its allies hijacked the Arab Spring to launch covert and proxy wars
in Libya, where China had substantial oil interests, and Syria, a long-term
Russian ally. But their increases in military spending were only relative. In
2019, China’s military budget was only $261
compared to the US’s $732 billion, according to SIPRI. The US still
on its military than the ten next largest military powers combined,
including Russia and China.

Russian and Chinese military forces are almost entirely defensive, with an
emphasis on advanced and effective anti-ship and anti-aircraft missile
. Neither Russia nor China has invested in carrier strike groups
to sail the seven seas or U.S.-style expeditionary forces to attack or invade
countries on the other side of the planet. But they do have the forces and weapons
they need to defend themselves and their people from any US attack and both
are nuclear powers, making a major war against either of them a more serious
prospect than the US military has faced anywhere since the Second World War.

China and Russia are both deadly serious about defending themselves, but we
should not misinterpret that as enthusiasm for a new arms race or a sign of
aggressive intentions on their part. It is US imperialism and militarism that
are driving the escalating tensions. The sad truth is that 30 years after the
supposed end of the Cold War, the US military-industrial complex has failed
to reimagine itself in anything but Cold War terms, and its “New” Cold
War is just a revival of the old Cold War that it spent the last three decades
telling us it already won.

“China Is Not an Enemy”

The US and China do not have to be enemies. Just a year ago, a hundred US business,
political and military leaders signed a public
to Tweety McTreason in the Washington Post entitled “China
Is Not an Enemy.” They wrote that China is not “an economic enemy
or an existential national security threat,” and US opposition “will
not prevent the continued expansion of the Chinese economy, a greater global
market share for Chinese companies and an increase in China’s role in world

They concluded that, “US efforts to treat China as an enemy and decouple
it from the global economy will damage the United States’ international role
and reputation and undermine the economic interests of all nations,” and
that the US”could end up isolating itself rather than Beijing.”

That is precisely what is happening. Governments all over the world are collaborating
with China to stop the spread of coronavirus and share the solutions with all
who need them. The US must stop pursuing its counterproductive effort to undermine
China, and instead work with all our neighbors on this small planet. Only by
cooperating with other nations and international organizations can we stop the
pandemic – and address the coronavirus-sparked economic meltdown gripping the
world economy and the many challenges we must all face together if we are to
survive and thrive in the 21st century.

Medea Benjamin is cofounder of CODEPINK
for Peace
, and author of several books, including Inside
Iran: The Real History and Politics of the Islamic Republic of Iran

Nicolas J. S. Davies is an independent journalist, a researcher with CODEPINK
and the author of

Blood On Our Hands: the American Invasion and Destruction of Iraq

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